It is often said that when you drink wine, you can also “think of the grapes”. The company’s main focus is on the development of a new product. What is the yearly cycle in the vineyard? The next step in this article is to follow the changing seasons in the vineyard.Dormancy
Dormancy occurs during the cold winter months, when the vines stop growing and go dormant. Dormancy usually occurs from December to March in the northern hemisphere and from July to September in the southern hemisphere. During dormancy, the new branches of the vine gradually lignify and become the “mother vine” (Cane), and the vine stores carbohydrates in its roots and branches to provide energy for new growth in the spring. During this period, low temperatures can lead to the death of the budding eye and, in some extreme cases, the vines themselves can freeze to death. Growers can help the vines maintain their temperature by burying them in the soil, for example, to survive the cold winter. In addition, during the vine’s dormancy, farmers will also perform winter pruning to determine where to grow new branches for the coming year, in preparation for the vine’s next growth cycle.
Budburst occurs in the spring when the shoots swell and burst open, developing into new branches. In the Northern Hemisphere, vine budding generally occurs from March to April, and in the Southern Hemisphere, from September to October. The vines usually start to bud when the average daily temperature exceeds 10°C, which means the beginning of the growing season. For example, varieties such as Chardonnay and Pinot Noir require relatively low temperatures for budding and generally budding earlier, while later varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah require warmer conditions to budding. In addition, during vine budding, shoots or new growth may be subject to spring frost and frost damage, which can reduce yields in early budding varieties, and growers can use heaters or sprinklers to reduce the risk of frost.Winery,